EVALUATION OF IMPACT OF HYPERGLYCEMIA AND HYPONATREMIA ON CLINICAL OUT-COME OF ACUTE STROKE
Keywords:Stroke, hyperglycemia, hyponatremia, Morbidity, mortality
Hyponatremia and hyperglycemia are common metabolic disorders which could worsen the outcome after a cerebrovascular accident (stroke). This study aimed to evaluate the impact of hyponatremia and hyperglycemia on stroke and its clinical outcome, including morbidity and mortality.
This prospective cohort study included 50 stroke patients admitted in tertiary care hospitals. Stroke severity, Glasgow coma scale (GCS), conscious level, gag reflex, clinical presentations, and outcomes were recorded. Following a stroke, patients were monitored for a period of six months, during which the patient's death was recorded on the event form. Linear logistic regression model was used to determine the stroke mortality. Hyponatremia and hyperglycaemia were associated with higher odds ratio of deaths, poor functional recovery, severe disability, low mean GCS score as compared to normonatremic and normoglycemic patients (odds ratio [OR] = 4.7; 95% CI= 0.929-43.782) and hyperglycaemia (OR= 2.74; 95% CI=0.577-13.03). Stroke patients admitted with hyperglycemia or hyponatremia were associated with greater morbidity and mortality and poor functional recovery.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Adnan Iqbal, Rahila Najam, Azfar Athar Ishaqui, Fatima Rehman, Salman Ahmed, Jameela Jamali, Inayatullah Khan, Muhammad Imran, Lailoona Jaweed, Ahmed Muhammad Shaikh, Shayan Ahmed, Zeeshan Ahmed
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Copyright: Open access journal copyright lies with authors and protected under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).